Ventnor Cricket Club competes in the Southern Premier League, and has won the Second Division several times. The Sunshine Trail, which is a circular route linking Sandown, Shanklin, Godshill, and Wroxall of 12 miles (19 km); The Troll Trail between Cowes and Sandown of 13 miles (21 km), 90% off-road; The Round the Island Cycle Route of 62 miles (100 km). Branching off the Island Line at Smallbrook Junction is the heritage Isle of Wight Steam Railway, which runs for 5 1⁄2 miles (8.9 km) to the outskirts of Wootton on the former line to Newport.. Allegiance was sworn to FitzOsbern rather than the king; the Lordship was subsequently granted to the de Redvers family by Henry I, after his succession in 1100. Cowes Week is the longest-running regular regatta in the world, with over 1,000 yachts and 8,500 competitors taking part in over 50 classes of racing. The term "overner" is used for island residents originating from the mainland (an abbreviated form of "overlander", which is an archaic term for "outsider" still found in parts of Australia). The Isle of Wight has given names to many parts of former colonies, most notably Isle of Wight County in Virginia founded by settlers from the island in the 17th century. A favourable climate supports two vineyards, including one of the oldest in the British Isles at Adgestone. Separating the Isle of Wight from the mainland of southern England, a strait where Cowes Week is hosted annually Channel between Isle of Wight and the mainland Stretch of water separating the Isle of Wight from Hampshire , When glaciers covering more northern latitudes melted at the end of the last ice age, two things happened to create the Solent. Lower Ventnor and the neighbouring Undercliff have a particular microclimate, because of their sheltered position south of the downs. Bronze Age Britain had large reserves of tin in the areas of Cornwall and Devon and tin is necessary to smelt bronze. The refurbished machine is now displayed at the beach. , Over thousands of years, the land sank in the south (a process still continuing) to submerge many valleys creating today's characteristic rias, such as Southampton Water and Poole Harbour, as well as submerging the Solent. The river flowed eastward from Dorset, following the course of the modern Solent strait, before travelling south and southwest towards the major Channel River system. Maritime industries, especially the making of sailcloth and boat building, have long been associated with the island, although this has diminished somewhat in recent years. Extracting the Cultural Heritage: a new challenge for the underwater archaeologist: Underwater Technology. Through these weak soils and rocks ran many rivers, from the Dorset Frome in the west and including the Stour, Beaulieu River, Test, Itchen and Hamble, which created a large estuary flowing west to east and into the English Channel at the eastern end of the present Solent. A submerged escarpment 11m below sea level off Bouldnor Cliff on the island's northwest coastline is home to an internationally significant mesolithic archaeological site. The route around the island is about 60 miles (97 km) and usually rowed anticlockwise. In Domesday Book it is Wit; the modern Welsh name is Ynys Wyth (ynys = island). The Island has many resorts which have been holiday destinations since Victorian times. The Solent is the strait that separates the Isle of Wight from the mainland of England.  Portsmouth lies on its shores. It does not have a motorway, although there is a short stretch of dual carriageway towards the north of Newport near the hospital and prison. Momber, G. 2005. When queen she made Osborne House her winter home, and so the island became a fashionable holiday resort, including for Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Julia Margaret Cameron, and Charles Dickens (who wrote much of David Copperfield there), as well as the French painter Berthe Morisot and members of European royalty. The process of coastal change is still continuing, with the soft cliffs on some parts of the Solent, such as Fort Victoria, constantly eroding, whilst other parts, such as Ryde Sands, are accreting. The Isle of Wight College is located on the outskirts of Newport. Albany and Parkhurst were among the few Category A prisons in the UK until they were downgraded in the 1990s. Drowned and Deserted: a submerged prehistoric landscape in the Solent. Only one stone remains standing today. ", "PLUTO pumping station, Sandown, Isle of Wight", "Welcome to Britain's secret Cape Canaveral (... on the Isle of Wight)", "Isle of Wight Festival History 1968 to Today", "Tanker stowaways: 'Hijacking' ends after special forces storm ship", "Isle of Wight joins Unesco's network of biosphere sites", "The geological history of the Isle of Wight: an overview of the 'diamond in Britain's geological crown, "Geology, landscape and human interactions: examples from the Isle of Wight", "Frost Days data 2000-2008 St Catherine's Point", http://www.bds.org.uk/index.php/documents/deer-species/12-muntjac-deer-poster/file, "Turner Will Fight On For 'Unique' Island Status", "Isle of Wight Set To Have Two MPs in 2015", "Isle Of Wight MP Andrew Turner survives no confidence vote", "Hampshire & IoW election results: Conservatives take control", "Newport Parish Council, Isle of Wight, Official Website", "Survey of English Dialects: Whitwell, Isle of Wight", "Oiled birds may be linked to Ice Prince sinking", "Why are natives of the Isle of Wight known as 'caulkheads'? A vacation destination since Victorian times, the Isle of Wight is just five miles across the Solent strait from the southern English coast, a 60-minute ferry ride from Southampton. The Spit Sand forms the western side of the channel leading into Portsmouth harbour. , On 14 January 1878, Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated an early version of the telephone to the queen, placing calls to Cowes, Southampton and London. The final private owner was the Countess Isabella de Fortibus, who, on her deathbed in 1293, was persuaded to sell it to Edward I. We have 1 possible solution for this clue in our database.  There are occasional sightings of wild deer, and there is a colony of wild goats on Ventnor's downs. Similarly, it is known that Selsey was once a port town, with Selsey Abbey and a cathedra recorded until 1075, when the see of the Diocese of Sussex was moved inland to Chichester.  From then onwards, there are indications that the island had wide trading links, with a port at Bouldnor, evidence of Bronze Age tin trading, and finds of Late Iron Age coins.. This great estuary ran through a wooded valley and is now referred to as the Solent River.  The Solent became the departure area of the ill-fated ocean liner, Titanic, in April 1912. The quickest public transport link to the mainland is the hovercraft from Ryde to Southsea; three vehicle ferry and two catamaran services cross the Solent to Southampton, Lymington and Portsmouth. The Undercliff between St Catherine's Point and Bonchurch is the largest area of landslip morphology in western Europe. According to the 2011 census, the island's population of 138,625 lives in 61,085 households, giving an average household size of 2.27 people. Rural for most of its history, its Victorian fashionability and the growing affordability of holidays led to significant urban development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
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