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Severe winter. These eight years began with the wettest calendar year in the EWP series (see above), and culminated in the second wettest summer in that set; the 'growing-to-harvest' periods (May - September) of 1872, 1875, 1877, 1878 & 1879 all experienced well-above average rainfall - that of 1879 being some 160% above the 'all-series' mean. (Easton, in CHMW/Lamb). The wind turned north and the night between 4 and 5 November brought with it a rapid drop in air temperature. Notably wet year by the EWP series - in the 'top-10' using that measure. From retailing to the energy sector, grain traders to sailors, and WCS can use their professionalism, knowledge and customer service excellence to satisfy your weather requirements. Perhaps of more interest, since this winter, there have only been 6 colder such-seasons viz (date order, with value): 1829/30(1.1), 1837/38(1.4), 1878/79(0.7), 1894/95(1.2), 1946/47(1.1) & 1962/63(-0.3). The summer was claimed to be the longest, driest & warmest in living memory. Much transport dislocation, and distress to livestock, damage to root crops etc. Northwesterly (?) On the 12th April, the Glasgow Chronicle reported that the Campsie and Kilpatrick Hills were still white with snow. Snow fell across southern England (including the London area) on the 22nd; amounts in London around 2 inches / 5 cm reported, with greater amounts in the (then very) rural areas of Surrey. The CET annual temperature was down at only 6.8 C compared to approximately 10 C now (annual mean  for 1981-2010). No individual month was exceptionally wet by this series, but the consistency of high rainfall (May & June also had above-average values) led to local flooding later in the year. July had below average rainfall (85%), but August was back up to 186% anomaly with 108mm, by far the wettest month of that very wet year (q.v.). 45cm depth in Brighton, 30cm in Exeter and on Dartmoor, as much as 100 cm. ), 1834/35 to 1837/38: (Winters/Springs): sequence of 4 notably SEVERE winters/cold-springs in Scotland.). However, in July, averaged over the England & Wales domain, roughly 240% of long-term average rain fell, and it was also cool, with CET anomaly around -1degC. On 6 November the French retreat was entering a new phase. Showers of snow, sleet and hail on the 14th & 15th May. During an unseasonable 'cold-snap' in mid-August, the weather in Ireland was reported to be as inclement as a day as February with showers of rain & hail falling. (various sources: principally 'Weather' RMetSoc & Limerick Chronicle archive). average of 24hr maximum & minimum) climbed to just over 24degC. For all these five months, the anomaly was greater than -1C, with April, May & July greater than -2C (wrt all-series mean): more below. The greatest frost of the 19th century commenced on the 27th December 1813; the onset of the frost was accompanied by thick fog. Hail smashed glass arcade over Regent Street pavements in London beyond repair. A notably dry year by the EWP series - as of 2012, in the 'top-5' driest by that measure. In Scotland, more than 30 cm of snow fell, while at Belvoir Castle, Leicestershire the heavy snowfall did much damage to trees and shrubs. ): Snow lay in Edinburgh 4 to 5 inches (10 to 13cm) deep: earliest date (up to 1960s). These first 40 years of the 19th century often contained references to excessive rainfall, floods etc. . " Records from Cambridge Observatory show that there were actually air frosts on 70 of the 84 nights between 26th December 1894 and 20th March 1895. [ see also entry below for early January, 1867.]. However, in the Kew Observatory record, the anomaly for the whole year was just 107%, with only four months having above average rainfall. From Year 1900 - London Weather 2016. (?London/South) Overall, using the CET series, the anomaly for the three summer months (JJA) was +1.3C, with June (16.4degC/+2.1C) & July (18.2degC/+2.3C) notably warm. Minus 23degC (-10degF) reported at Tunbridge Wells - no details of exposure known. Temperatures over lying snow cover were sometimes as low as -15degC. [ various railway histories ]. All three months, January, February and March were noted as being 'wet, rough and cold' and coupled with the other remarks, it suggests the jetstream was abnormally strong and displaced in such a position that it propelled frequent Atlantic disturbances across at least Ireland. 1. Fog daily 17th - 21st December (London/South). Elsewhere though, the various shipwrecks occasioned loss of life. An exceptionally dry year by the EWP series: 669mm; ranks third driest in the EWP series (as of 2012). The 'Frost Fair' in February of 1814 is thought to be the last held on the Thames in London (1st to 4th). One of the four or five coldest winters in the CET record. A man was reported found dead at Dorking, Surrey, while snowdrifts of 3.5 metres were recorded at Dulwich, London and Dartmouth, Devon. 2001 A wet and thundery year. It was also a notably wet year in the London area (and by rough extension, the SE of England), where Greenwich recorded 36.3 inches (~922 mm) of rain, representing at least 150% of the long-term average. Very severe gales caused much damage on 4th, 7th & 8th March. One of the wettest Februarys across England & Wales (using the EWP series). For the south-east of England specifically, a maximum temperature above 32degC was recorded in each of the months from May to September, and in July specifically, the temperature exceeded 32degC on 9 days; the soil was very dry (lack of precipitation), which would of course mean that solar energy was most effective.

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